Official name: Republic of Uzbekistan
Government: Presidential republic
Area: 448,978 km2
Population: 33 000 000
Official holiday: Independence Day – September 1
Climat: Continental, dry
Administrative division: Uzbekistan is divided into twelve provinces, one autonomous republic one independent city
Big cities: Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Ferghana, Khorezm, Andijan
State language: Uzbek
Flag – The flag of Uzbekistan consists of three horizontal light blue, white and green bands separated by two thin red fimbriations, with a crescent moon and twelve stars at the canton. Adopted in 1991. The colors and symbols of the flag carry cultural, political, and regional meanings. The white stands for peace and purity, while light blue represents water and the sky. The latter colour also alludes to the flag of Timur, who ruled over present-day Uzbekistan during the 14th century. Green officially epitomizes “nature and fertility” – though it may also represent Islam – while the thin red stripes represents the “life force” within everyone. The crescent at the canton evokes “the rebirth of” Uzbekistan as an “independent” country. Moreover, it symbolizes the Islamic faith practiced by 88% of Uzbekistan’s population. To the right of the crescent are twelve stars, which signify the twelve regions of the country, as well as the constellations featured in the zodiac.
State emblem – The state emblem of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992.
The emblem is in the form of a circle and mainly bears the national colors blue, white, and green. On the left there is a cotton plant and to the right wheat borders the insignia, cotton and wheat are the two major agricultural products of the country.
It is surmounted by the star of Rub El Hizb, a symbol of Islam, which a majority of Uzbeks profess.
In the center, a right-facing khumo, a bird symbolizing happiness and love of freedom, is displayed with wings outstretched. Enclosed by the khumo’s wings is a depiction of the rising sun over mountains. Two rivers, the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, flow from the mountains and crepuscular rays emanate from the sun.
The khumo is perched on a banner at the base of the cotton and wheat borders which bears the national colors and the name of the country in Latin (Oʻzbekiston) script.